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Sugestão: um livro por dia

por Pedro Correia, em 26.06.17

1540-1[1].jpg

 

A Guerra Civil em Angola 1975-2002, de Justin Pearce

Prefácio de Rafael Marques

História

(edição Tinta da China, 2017)

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De Einstürzende Neubauten a 26.06.2017 às 11:08


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rWj0jNl2GdQ

John Stockwell, CIA Officer

The Phoenix Program (Vietnamese: Chiến dịch Phụng Hoàng, a word related to fenghuang, the Chinese phoenix) was a counterinsurgency program designed, coordinated, and executed by the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), United States special operations forces, and the Republic of Vietnam's (South Vietnam) security apparatus during the Vietnam War.

The Program was designed to identify and "neutralize" (via infiltration, capture, terrorism, torture, and assassination) the civilian infrastructure supporting the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (NLF or Viet Cong) insurgency. The major two components of the program were Provincial Reconnaissance Units (PRUs) and regional interrogation centers. PRUs would kill suspected VC, and terrorize and capture civilians who were thought to have information on VC activities. These civilians were then taken to the interrogation centers where they were tortured in an attempt to gain intelligence on VC activities in the area. Few of the prisoners survived -- most of them were tortured to death, and those that survived the torture sessions were generally killed afterwards. The information extracted at the torture centers was then given to military commanders, who would use it to task the PRU with further capture and assassination missions.

The program was in operation between 1965 and 1972, and similar efforts existed both before and after that period. By 1972, Phoenix operatives had "neutralized" 81,740 suspected NLF supporters, of whom 26,369 were killed.

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